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How to use Promise with timeout in JavaScript


JavaScript is amazing with Promises and async support. However, it comes without native support of timeouts for Promises.

Here is how it can be implemented with Promise.race:

const awaitWithTimeout = (p, timeout) =>
    new Promise((_, err) =>
      setTimeout(() => err(
        new Error(`Execution timeout ${timeout} reached`)
      ), timeout)

// some long operation that can raise a timeout
const operation = new Promise(() => {});
const timeout = 1000;
await awaitWithTimeout(operation, timeout);

In the code above a first promise to resolve or reject will be returned from the function awaitWithTimeout. Therefore, if the operation can finish within the defined deadline it will return value from the promise, otherwise, it will raise a timeout error.

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Published Jan 10, 2024

Passionate software engineer with expertise in software development, microservice architecture, and cloud infrastructure.